Josef Hartwig (1880–1956) was a Bauhaus sculptor and Nazi party member best known for his 1923 design for a chess set. Josef Hartwig was born in on March 19, 1880 in Munich. Beginning at age 13, he served as an apprentice in the studio of stonemason Simon Korn. During his time in Korn's studio, Hartwig met a number of prominent architects including Theodor Fischer and August Endell.From 1904 to 1908 Hartwig attended the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich, studying under Balthasar Schmidt. For a brief period after his graduation, he worked as a stonemason, producing gravestones in Berlin.In 1921, Walter Gropius invited Hartwig to teach at the Bauhaus in Weimar. Hartwig accepted the offer going on to serve as a teacher and head of the sculpture department from 1921 to 1925.After his tenure at the Bauhaus, Hartwig continued producing sculptural work and began a brief career in art restoration.During the Third Reich, Hartwig was a member of the Nazi Party.
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