Antoni Gaudí i Cornet (; Catalan: [ənˈtɔni ɣəwˈði]; 25 June 1852 – 10 June 1926) was an architect known as the greatest exponent of Catalan Modernism. Gaudí's works have a highly individualized, one-of-a-kind style. Most are located in Barcelona, including his main work, the church of the Sagrada Família. Gaudí's work was influenced by his passions in life: architecture, nature, and religion. He considered every detail of his creations and integrated into his architecture such crafts as ceramics, stained glass, wrought ironwork forging and carpentry. He also introduced new techniques in the treatment of materials, such as trencadís which used waste ceramic pieces. Under the influence of neo-Gothic art and Oriental techniques, Gaudí became part of the Modernista movement which was reaching its peak in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. His work transcended mainstream Modernisme, culminating in an organic style inspired by natural forms. Gaudí rarely drew detailed plans of his works, instead preferring to create them as three-dimensional scale models and moulding the details as he conceived them. Gaudí's work enjoys global popularity and continuing admiration and study by architects. His masterpiece, the still-incomplete Sagrada Família, is the most-visited monument in Spain. Between 1984 and 2005, seven of his works were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Gaudí's Roman Catholic faith intensified during his life and religious images appear in many of his works. This earned him the nickname "God's Architect" and led to calls for his beatification.
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Gaudí was influenced by Catalonia's medieval history and architecture. His works display a respect for craftsmanship and structural logic. He was also inspired by forms in nature, using it in structure and ornament, creating a highly personal, organic style. His work is characterized by sculptural plasticity, the manipulation of light, and the use of mosaics and polychromy. His later style is classified as Catalan Modernisme, a style related to Art Nouveau. Spanish architect.
Spanish, Catalan
Artist, Architect, Furniture Designer, Landscape Architect
Antoni Gaudí, Antoní Gaudí, Antonio Gaudí, Antonio Gaudí y Cornet, Antoni Gaudí y Cornet, Antoni Gaudí i Cornet, Antonio Gaudí i Cornet, Antoni Gaudí Cornet, Antonio Gaudí Cornet, Antoni Gaudí Jornet, Antoni Gaodi, Antonio Gaudi, אנטוני גאודי, 安东尼·高迪
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License