Wojciech Fangor (15 November 1922 – 25 October 2015) was a Polish painter, graphic artist, sculptor and a co-creator of the Polish School of Posters. After privately studying art with Felicjan Kowarski and Tadeusz Pruszkowski, he obtained his diploma in 1946 at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw. He started in the Socialist realism manner, creating the “Korean Mother” (now in the National Museum, Warsaw collection). Between 1953 and 1961, he was employed as assistant professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw. After the Polish October, the so-called "Gomułka's thaw" following Joseph Stalin's death, he turned away from socialist realism as a style. He became one of founders of the Polish School of Posters. In 1961, he left Poland and settled in West Berlin between 1964–1965, in England between 1965–1966, then from 1966 in the United States, where he lectured on art at art schools. He returned to Poland in 1999. In 1970 he had, as the sole Polish artist, an individual exhibition at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York City. At the time of his death he resided in Błędów, Grójec County, a village near Warsaw. Fangor designed murals for the station walls of the second line of the Warsaw Underground in 2014.
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The Polish painter began his career during the Stalinist era, and then worked in the syle of socialist realism. After Stalin’s death, Fangor became interested in architecture and design, and was one of the founders of the Polish school of poster design. In 1965 he was included in “The Responsive Eye” show at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, which focused on Op art developments at the time. He was recognized during this period for his paintings of blurred circular or irregular shapes in vivid colors.
Polish, Central European, Eastern European
Artist, Graphic Artist, Painter, Poster Artist
Wojciech Fangor, Wijciech Fangor, Wojviech Fangor
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License