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Anthony Caro Papers

in The Museum of Modern Art Archives

The Museum of Modern Art
Museum Archives
11 West 53 Street
New York, NY 10019-5497

© 2006 The Museum of Modern Art. All rights reserved.
The Museum of Modern Art, Publisher
Machine-readable finding aid derived from moma019.xml, 2006. Machine-readable finding aid created by Kathleene Konkle. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Anthony Caro
Title: Anthony Caro Papers in The Museum of Modern Art Archives
Dates: 1949-1974
Quantity: One 5" document box

Organization and Arrangement

The material is organized in two series.
Series I: Notebooks, follows the original arrangement of the workbooks.
Series II: Articles, is arranged chronologically. Items date from 1949 through 1974.

Biographical Note

Sir Anthony Caro was born on March 8, 1924 in New Malden, Surrey. After attending Christ's College in Cambridge for two years, Caro earned a M.A. degree in engineering. From 1944 to 1946, Caro was in the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Navy.

While studying at the Royal Academy Schools (1947 - 1952), Caro became a part-time assistant to sculptor Henry Moore in 1951, leaving Moore's studio in 1953 to teach at St. Martin's School of Art in London. Caro's first solo exhibition was in 1956; three years later he won the sculpture prize at the Paris Biennale, and he met the theorist and critic Clement Greenberg. Thereafter, Caro traveled for the first time to the United States where he met the artists Kenneth Noland, David Smith, Robert Motherwell, and Helen Frankenthaler, among others. From 1963 to 1965, he taught at Bennington College in Vermont where he met Paul Feeley and renewed contact with Noland and Smith.

Caro began to exhibit regularly over the next decade. In 1975 The Museum of Modern Art organized a retrospective exhibition, Anthony Caro [MoMA Exh. # 1096, April 30 - July 6, 1975] co-directed by William S. Rubin. The following year Caro was presented with the Key to the City of New York. He was awarded knighthood in 1987.

Scope and Content Note

The Papers include photocopies of sketches and specifications for sculptures from Caro's original workbooks, essays, articles, and reviews.


Access Restrictions

The records are open for research and contain no restricted materials.

Ownership and Literary Rights

The Anthony Caro Papers in The Museum of Modern Art Archives are the physical property of The Museum of Modern Art. Literary rights, including copyright belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with The Museum of Modern Art. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archivist.

Related Collections

Further information on the exhibition may be found in the Registrar and Curatorial Exhibition files in the Museum Archives. Also, clippings are included in the Department of Public Information Records. [Anthony Caro [MoMA Exh. #1096, April 30 - July 6, 1975]]. The Museum Archives also includes audio recordings of the lecture series that accompanied the exhibition: Sound Recordings of Museum-Related Events: numbers 75.13, 75.15, 75.16, 75.19. The Museum's Departments of Painting and Sculpture, Prints and Illustrated Books, and Drawings include object files on works by Caro in the collection of The Museum of Modern Art; they may be consulted by appointment.

Administrative Information


The Papers were compiled by members of the Department of Painting and Sculpture where they were used by William S. Rubin in connection with the 1975 exhibition and monograph that the Museum published in conjunction with the retrospective. Initially, in September 1977, the Papers were transferred to the Library. The Papers became part of the Museum Archives when The Museum of Modern Art Archives was founded in 1989.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Anthony Caro Papers in The Museum of Modern Art Archives, [series.file unit], The Museum of Modern Art Archives, New York.

Container List


Series I: Notebooks

Photocopies of Anthony Caro's original workbooks which include sketches and specifications for most of his works through ca. 1973

Folder Title Date
I.1 Sketches and Specifications

pp. A1 - 143
Includes announcement of lecture series to coincide with Anthony Caro Retrospective, [MoMA Exh. #1096].

1966 - 1968
I.2 Sketches and Specifications

pp. 144 - 278.
Includes 1 ALS Jim (?) - Meg (?), 1973

1969 - 1973
I.3 Sketches and Specifications (Table Sculptures)

pp. A-3 - A-73

1966 - 1968
I.4 Sketches and Specifications (Table Sculptures)

pp. A-74 - A-155, B-1 - B-13

1968 - 1973

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Series II: Articles

Folder Title Date
II.1 General Articles and Reviews re: Anthony Caro

Includes typescript and biographical sketch
Interview of William S. Rubin and Anthony Caro, Summer 1973

1949 - 1973
II.2 “A Discussion of Twenty-Seven Sculptures by Anthony Caro,” D. R. Whelan,

1 item
Typescript in which Whelan studies many works by Caro that are later included in his analysis of the artist's oeuvre in Anthony Caro. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc., 1975.

II.3 “Some Thoughts After Visiting Florence,” Anthony Caro, from Art International

1 item

May 1974

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