Conceptual Art

Discover how Conceptual artists used language, performance, and instructions to fuel creativity, and sought alternatives to institutional settings.


Language and Art

Explore the role words played in Conceptual art’s emphasis on ideas over visual forms.


Sol LeWitt and Instruction-based Art

Are instructions just a set of rules, or can they fuel creativity? Learn more in this exploration of the work of Sol LeWitt.


Outside the Museum

Discover the work of two artists who thought beyond the confines of a museum.


Performance into Art

For these artists, the body is the medium, and live actions their art.


In the 1960s artists in the U.S., Europe, and Latin America began experimenting with art that emphasized ideas instead of a physical product. In 1967 artist Sol LeWitt gave this new art a name in his essay “Paragraphs on Conceptual Art.” He wrote, “The idea itself, even if it is not made visual, is as much of a work of art as any finished product.” Conceptual artists used their work to question the notion of what art is, and often rejected museums and galleries as defining authorities. The work of Conceptual artists helped to put photographs, musical scores, architectural drawings, and performance art on an equal footing with painting and sculpture.

A term that emerged in the 1960s to describe a diverse range of live presentations by artists.

Art that emerged in the late 1960s, emphasizing ideas and theoretical practices rather than the creation of visual forms. In 1967, the artist Sol LeWitt gave the new genre its name in his essay “Paragraphs on Conceptual Art,” in which he wrote, “The idea itself, even if not made visual, is as much a work of art as any finished product.”

Related Artists: Marina Abramović, Vito Acconci, John Baldessari, Daniel Buren, Joseph Kosuth, Sol LeWitt, Gordon Matta-Clark, Carolee Schneemann, Richard Serra, Ray Tomlinson, Sven Wingquist