Winter Moonlit Night (Wintermondnacht)
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
1919. Woodcut, composition (irreg.): 12 x 11 5/8" (30.5 x 29.5 cm); sheet (irreg.): 12 11/16 x 12 5/16" (32.2 x 31.2 cm)
Winter Moonlit Night depicts a view from Ernst Ludwig Kirchner’s house in the Swiss Alps. Kirchner and his fellow Expressionists revived printmaking, especially woodcuts, because the physical action required to carve and gouge a woodblock is reflected in the printed image. The blue glow of the mountains at dusk against the deepening red sky and trees creates a harmonious play of color and form. Kirchner turned to nature as a place for redemption after suffering from a mental and physical breakdown during World War I.
A war fought from 1914 to 1918, in which Great Britain, France, Russia, Belgium, Italy, Japan, the United States, and other allies defeated Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria.
A term loosely applied to any printmaking technique involving a relief image cut into the surface of a wooden block. The wood is covered with ink and applied to a sheet of paper; only the uncut areas of the block will print, while the cut away areas do not receive ink and appear white on the printed image.