manet and the execution of maximilian
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Benito Juarez

 

 

Maximilian believed he could accomplish great things on behalf of the Mexican people. To this end, he instituted a series of social programs and appointed a liberal ministry ironically similar to Juárez's. He remained loyal to the citizens of his adopted country until his death, uttering these last words: "I pray that my blood, which is about to be shed, will be shed for the good of this country. Long live Mexico! Long live independence!" This image of Maximilian wearing a hat reappears in Manet's compositions. In the oil sketch and the last painting, the hat is tilted back, resembling a halo.

 

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manet and the execution of maximilian
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Anonymous. Maximilian in a Hat. 1867. Albumen silver print, 4 x 2 7/16" (10.1 x 6.2 cm). Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Castillo de Chapultepec, Mexico City

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manet and the execution of maximilian
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Copyright 2006 by the Museum of Modern Art