MoMA

WHAT’S ON YOUR TURNTABLE?

November 6, 2014  |  Collection & Exhibitions
What’s on Your Turntable?

My first record player came built into a portable red-and-white leather case with two locking hasps on either side of its red leather handle. It played both 45s and 33s, and had a black plastic 45 adapter that was stored in a recessed slot in one corner. It was a magnificent machine. I practically played the grooves off my favorite 45s, especially “You Are My Sunshine” and “How Much Is That Doggie in the Window,” not to mention my Alvin and the Chipmunks’ and my mother’s Rosemary Clooney LPs. Nearly drove my parents mad.

Clicking the hasps, opening the case, placing the adapter, and setting the tonearm were all as much a part of playing a record as actually listening—and singing along—were. This brilliant little first record player set the bar high for all record playing to come.

So as you might imagine, installing a number of record players and turntables from MoMA’s design collection for the upcoming exhibition Making Music Modern: Design for Ear and Eye has been an absolute delight for me. With so many great designs to chose from, deciding which to feature here was tricky—they’re all important from a design perspective, and simply wonderful in so many other ways.

Dieter Rams. Portable Transistor Radio and Phonograph (model TP 1) (shown closed). 1959. Plastic casing, aluminum frame, and leather strap, 1 3/4 X 9 1/4 X 6″. Gift of the manufacturer
Dieter Rams. Portable Transistor Radio and Phonograph (model TP 1). 1959. Plastic casing, aluminum frame, and leather strap, 1 3/4 X 9 1/4 X 6″. Gift of the manufacturer

Top (shown closed); below (shown open): Dieter Rams. Portable Transistor Radio and Phonograph (model TP 1). 1959. Plastic casing, aluminum frame, and leather strap, 1 3/4 X 9 1/4 X 6″. Gift of the manufacturer

There are several record players by Dieter Rams in the collection including the TP1, a pocket radio/phonograph and speaker combination with its own sleek, sexy, silver-colored carrying case. The compact radio, record player, and speaker are separate components and it has an interior stylus meaning records—45s only—are played from below. It was an innovative marvel in 1959—innovation being the first of the German designer’s 10 principles of good design, and is widely considered a precursor to today’s family of Jonathan Ive–designed Apple music component systems. Other players and component systems by Rams in the collection and exhibition include the exquisite SK-61 from 1956, the 1962 Audio 1 Radio-Phonograph (model TC 40), and the 1963 PS 2 Stereo Turntable—a prime example of “less, but better,” the last, but certainly not least, of Rams’s 10 principles.

Jakob Jensen. Beogram 400 Record Player. 1972. Rosewood, aluminum, stainless steel, and plastic, 3 3/4 X 14 1/2 X 19″. Gift of the manufacturer

Jacob Jensen. Beogram 400 Record Player. 1972. Rosewood, aluminum, stainless steel, and plastic, 3 3/4 X 14 1/2 X 19″. Gift of the manufacturer

From the Danish designer Jacob Jensen for Bang & Olufson, both giants of record-player design, there’s the 1969 Beogram 1200 Record Player, the 1972 Beogram 4000 Record Player, the 1974  Beogram 6000, and  the 1979 Beocenter 7000 Radio-Turntable-Cassette Combination. Several of Jensen’s design sketches will also be on view.

What I’m failing to mention here is that with these designs comes groundbreaking, technologically pioneering innovations such as the first electronically controlled tangential tracking (the Beogram 400), or the first linear-tracking with direct drive (the SL-10). I don’t mention them because for one thing I get caught up checking out the chassis, and secondly, most of these technical achievements go over my head—though it’s not all cut-and-dry, mind-numbing tech treatises, there are some very groovy (pun intended) approaches to experiencing the relationship between vinyl and turntable design: consider Jack White’s Lazaretto LP, for example.

David Gammon. Turntable. 1964. Polished aluminum, brass, plywood, and acrylic, 4 3/4 X 17=6 3/8 X 17. Gift of Transcriptors

David Gammon. Turntable. 1964. Polished aluminum, brass, plywood, and acrylic, 4 3/4 X 17=6 3/8 X 17. Gift of Transcriptors

And it only takes one glimpse at British designer David Gammon’s Transcriptors hydraulic reference turntable from 1964 to see that a whole lot of dynamic design is going on here, and to understand why Stanley Kubrick would use it in his film A Clockwork Orange.

Oh, and then there’s the Technics machines! The renowned SL-1200, of which so much has been written, as well as the SL-10, which made playing records in any position possible. Also in the exhibition are two absolutely covetous designs from the Italian architect and designer Mario Bellini: the GA 45 (Pop Automatic Record Player), and the RR 130 (Totem Stereo System with Detachable Speakers). And lastly, I have to put in a quick pitch for Hartmut Esslinger‘s 1976 Wega 51K. This stellar turntable/tape deck/tuner/speaker hi-fi system had SONY, and later Apple, knocking on the doors at Frogdesign, the German-American designer’s firm.

Helmut Esslinger. Wega STereo System Concept 51. 1978. Plastic and steel, 22" X 33 X 15 7/16". Photograph: PPopeson. Hartmut Esslinger. Wega Stereo System Concept 51. 1978. Plastic and steel, 22″ X 33 X 15 7/16″. Photo: P. Popeson

Hartmut Esslinger. Wega Stereo System Concept 51. 1978. Plastic and steel, 22″ X 33 X 15 7/16″. Photo: P. Popeson

I could go on and on. There are many other players, as well as a number of amplifiers, tuners, and speaker components in the collection. And all this talk of record players has put me in mind of an old music listening pal, Marc Henry Mendelsohn, who always got right down to finding out where your head was at (as we were wont to say way back in the day) and his usual greeting of “So, what’s on your turntable these days?”

Making Music Modern opens to the public on Saturday, November 15, 2014, and is on view through the fall of 2015. But if you can’t get over to the galleries you can tune in, turn on, and join in the fun on social media—in celebration of the exhibition, MoMA invites you to share an image of “What’s on Your Turntable” (or your favorite album cover) using the hashtag #MakingMusicModern.

Comments

beautiful!
we need to bring these back

What a fabulous blog.
The windmills of my mind are spinning.

Very cool. The vinyl LPs of my mind are spinning.

My first high end turntable was a Linn Sondek lp12. For the beauty of it I bought a michell transcriptor turntable that I am currently repairing to its original perfection.

I was a DJ for a while so of course owned two Technics SL-1200 MK2s. I have hung that up, but have one 1200 as the centerpiece of my audio setup. You forget that it was at first made as a hi-end consumer turntable. And boy is it; plug it into a phono pre-amp and the sound from LPs is phenomenal.

I purchased a transcriptors turntable in 1973 in Wayne NJ, and except for the drive belt and a tone arm dying on me, which I replaced, I use that amazing machine all the time, long live vinyl.

I am the son of the late David Gammon who designed the hydraulic reference turntable all those years ago, I still have the original MoMa brochure that he was give when he gifted the turntable to Moma

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