But after they had achieved a measure of success in the 1910s, both artists made ambitious print projects, with the encouragement of publishers and dealers in both Austria and Germany.
In 1910 Kokoschka moved to Germany, where he lived off and on for the next 13 years and was active in Expressionist circles. Schiele remained in Austria (although he exhibited frequently in Germany). In 1918 he died from influenza, at the age of 28.
Expressionism in Austria is principally represented by two major figures: Oskar Kokoschka and Egon Schiele. Although they were essentially rivals, they both concentrated on portraiture and the nude, using sexually or psychologically charged body language to bore into the human psyche and challenge the facade of complacency and conformity that dominated Viennese culture.
For the Austrian Expressionists it was drawing—Schiele's taut lines and Kokoschka’s nervous draftsmanship—rather than printmaking that helped them develop their highly personal and emotional styles.