German Expressionism

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About this work

Heather Hess, German Expressionist Digital Archive Project, German Expressionism: Works from the Collection. 2011.

Promising forgiveness and deliverance from evil, the Lord's Prayer resonated powerfully in postwar German society, which was saddled with war guilt and reparations, beset by hunger, and racked by civil unrest and political violence. Pechstein illustrated a single verse of the Lord's Prayer on each of this portfolio's twelve sheets, following the German translation from Martin Luther's Small Catechism, which emphasizes the power of individual prayer. Pechstein's woodcuts contrast God's grandeur and omnipotence with his humble followers' modest lives. The artist clothed the faithful in the simple garb of Baltic fishermen, familiar to him from his repeated stays in Nidden on Prussia's easternmost border. Their masklike faces and blocky, angular bodies combine the styles of medieval German woodcuts and forms sourced from the South Pacific, which Pechstein had visited before World War I, and from Africa.

Pechstein created the portfolio during a time of intense personal and social upheaval. Only two years earlier, he had been an instrumental figure in revolutionary artists' organizations that had agitated for social reform in Germany's newly established democracy. But like many others he quickly grew disillusioned, and, it seems, he began looking for change not through politics but through heavenly intervention.

Max Pechstein (German, 1881–1955)

Hallowed be / Thy name (Geheiliget werde / Dein Name) from The Lord's Prayer (Das Vater Unser)

Woodcut from a portfolio of twelve woodcuts and one woodcut cover
composition: 15 11/16 x 11 11/16" (39.8 x 29.7 cm); sheet (irreg.): 23 3/8 x 16 5/16" (59.4 x 41.5 cm)
Cream, slightly textured, wove (Saskia).
Propyläen-Verlag, Berlin
Fritz Voigt, Berlin
250 in two editions: A) 50 hand-colored; B) 200 [this ex.]
Credit Line:
Transferred from the Museum Library
© 2015 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
K. (H)259. Not in F. Rifkind 2258 3.
MoMA Number:
Primitivism, Religion

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