MoMA

German Expressionism

Works from the Collection


Styles Themes Techniques | Artists Print Publishers | Illustrated Books Portfolios Periodicals | Maps Chronology

THE COLLECTION

Choose your search filter(s)
from the categories on the
right, and then click Search.

You may select multiple
filters.

Index of All Artists »

Index of All Print Publishers »

Index of All Printers »

Years Themes Techniques

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff

German, 1884–1976

Starr Figura, German Expressionism: The Graphic Impulse, New York, The Museum of Modern Art, 2011

Painter, printmaker. One of four architecture students, including Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Fritz Bleyl, and childhood friend Erich Heckel, who cofounded Brücke group in Dresden in 1905. The most independent long-term member, from 1910 to 1911, kept a studio in Hamburg, home of several important supporters. Thematically, preferred northern landscapes, many created during summers spent in Dangast from 1908 to 1912, a fishing village, and later in remote Baltic coastal towns Nidden and Hohwacht. Even after moving to Berlin in 1911, shied away from Brücke subjects of urban modernity; began depicting radically stylized nudes and heads, influenced by Cubism and African and Oceanic art. Conscripted in May 1915 and served three years on Eastern front. Although shattered nerves rendered him unable to paint, continued to make woodcuts. Near end of war, seeking spiritual solace, turned to biblical themes.

From the beginning, printmaking fundamental to simplifying and abstracting his style. Made 663 prints, of which nearly 450 were woodcuts. Almost all date between 1905 and 1927. Until 1912 printed most by hand in small editions; thereafter used professional printers, sometimes under commission from publishers, including Pan-Presse, J. B. Neumann, and Kurt Wolff.

In 1933 expelled by Nazis from the Prussian Academy of Arts; eventually prohibited from painting and exhibiting. Nazis confiscated 608 works from public collections. Berlin studio and many works destroyed during World War II.

Selected Bibliography

Moeller, Magdalena M., ed. Karl Schmidt-Rottluff: Druckgrafik. Exh. cat. Berlin: Brücke-Museum, 2001.

Schapire, Rosa. Karl Schmidt-Rottluffs graphisches Werk bis 1923. 3 vols. Berlin: Euphorion, 1923.

Thiem, Günter, and Armin Zweite, eds. Karl Schmidt-Rottluff: Retrospektive. Exh. cat. Munich: Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, 1989.

Heather Hess

Works by Karl Schmidt-Rottluff

  • Not on view Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. Young Roman (Römischer Jüngling). (c. 1908)
    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
    Young Roman (Römischer Jüngling)
    (c. 1908)
    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. Young Roman (Römischer Jüngling). (c. 1908)
  • Not on view Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. The Sound (Das Wattenmeer). 1909
    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
    The Sound (Das Wattenmeer)
    1909
    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. The Sound (Das Wattenmeer). 1909
  • Not on view Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. Portrait of H. (Bildnis H.) from the portfolio Brücke 1909. (1909)
    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
    Portrait of H. (Bildnis H.) from the...
    (1909)
    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. Portrait of H. (Bildnis H.) from the portfolio Brücke 1909. (1909)
  • Not on view Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. House in the Park (Haus im Park) (plate, folio 9 verso) KG Brücke. 1910
    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
    House in the Park (Haus im Park) (plate, folio 9...
    1910
    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. House in the Park (Haus im Park) (plate, folio 9 verso) KG Brücke. 1910
  • Not on view Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. Mower (Schnitter) (plate, folio 11 verso) from KG Brücke. 1910
    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
    Mower (Schnitter) (plate, folio 11 verso)...
    1910
    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. Mower (Schnitter) (plate, folio 11 verso) from KG Brücke. 1910
  • Not on view Various Artists, German with Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Erich Heckel, Max Pechstein. KG Brücke. 1910
    Various Artists, German with Ernst Ludwig Kirchner...
    KG Brücke
    1910
    Various Artists, German with Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Erich Heckel, Max Pechstein. KG Brücke. 1910
  • Not on view Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. Portrait of S. (Bildnis S.). (1911)
    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
    Portrait of S. (Bildnis S.)
    (1911)
    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. Portrait of S. (Bildnis S.). (1911)
Share by E-mail
Share by Text Message