MoMA
Carl Otto Czeschka. Die Nibelungen (The Nibelungs). (1920)
Carl Otto Czeschka

Die Nibelungen (The Nibelungs)

(1920)
Not on view
Author
Franz Keim
Medium
Illustrated book with eight double-page line block reproductions
Dimensions
page (each): 5 1/2 x 5 5/16" (14 x 13.5 cm); overall: 5 7/8 x 5 3/8 x 9/16" (15 x 13.6 x 1.4 cm)
Publisher
Gerlach & Wiedling, Vienna and Leipzig
Printer
Christoph Reisser's Söhne, Vienna
Edition
unknown
Credit
Gift of Walter Bareiss
Object number
22.1981.1-8
Type
Illustrated Book

Carl Otto Czeschka's eight double-page illustrations to Franz Keim's abridged version of the Nibelung saga, a mythic tale of royal wealth and betrayal, evoke an elegant and enchanted world. Stylized toy soldiers and chessboard knights, like the ones the artist displayed at the Viennese Kunstschau exhibition in 1908, stand guard or enact epic battles. A Viking ship glides through choppy waters; the luminous geometric ornamentation on its sail epitomizes the Viennese use of lush surface patterning, in which exotic and folk sources were filtered through a distinctively modern aesthetic. The volume appealed to the widespread interest in untutored forms, such as "primitive" and children's art, as a basis for cultural authenticity and renewal.

PUBLISHING HISTORY

Czeschka's designs elevate the simplified, populist interpretation by Keim, a former teacher and German nationalist. First published in 1909 as part of the thirty-four-volume series Gerlachs Jugendbücherei (Gerlach's youth library) aimed at Austrian schoolchildren, the tiny, almost square-shaped book serves as a perfect realization of the Gesamtkunstwerk—a total work of art in which all elements follow a single artistic idea. Checkered borders frame every page. The text is set in a modernized blackletter type, suggestive of medieval calligraphy, by the famed Jugendstil artist Otto Eckmann. The Museum's copy dates to 1920, when the publishers issued a second edition.

Publication excerpt from Heather Hess, German Expressionist Digital Archive Project, German Expressionism: Works from the Collection. 2011.
Provenance information
Galerie Gerda Bassenge, Berlin; sold to The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1981

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Image permissions

In order to effectively service requests for images, The Museum of Modern Art entrusts the licensing of images of works of art in its collections to the agencies Scala Archives and Art Resource. As MoMA’s representatives, these agencies supply high-resolution digital image files provided to them directly by the Museum's imaging studios.

All requests to reproduce works of art from MoMA's collection within North America (Canada, U.S., Mexico) should be addressed directly to Art Resource at 536 Broadway, New York, New York 10012. Telephone (212) 505-8700; fax (212) 505-2053; requests@artres.com; artres.com. Requests from all other geographical locations should be addressed directly to Scala Group S.p.A., 62, via Chiantigiana, 50012 Bagno a Ripoli/Firenze, Italy. Telephone 39 055 6233 200; fax 39 055 641124; firenze@scalarchives.com; scalarchives.com.

Requests for permission to reprint text from MoMA publications should be addressed to text_permissions@moma.org.

Related links:
Outside North America: Scala Archives
North America: Art Resource