Edvard Munch. The Storm. 1893
Edvard Munch

The Storm

1893
Not on view
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
36 1/8 x 51 1/2" (91.8 x 130.8 cm)
Credit
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. H. Irgens Larsen and acquired through the Lillie P. Bliss and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Funds
Object number
1351.1974
Copyright
© 2015 The Munch Museum / The Munch-Ellingsen Group / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Department
Painting and Sculpture

The setting of The Storm is the Norwegian seaside village of Åsgårdstrand, where Munch often spent his summers. The main figure and the group behind her cover their ears to keep out the sound of the storm’s howling winds. This painting was made the same year Munch originated the motif of The Scream. Here the depiction is more naturalistic, and the characters are female rather than male, but the compositions both reflect Munch’s preoccupation with the concept of a solitary individual set apart from a community of others

Gallery label from Edvard Munch: The Scream, October 24, 2012–April 29, 2013

Additional text

Munch painted The Storm in Åsgårdstrand, a small Norwegian seaside resort where he often stayed. There had indeed been a violent storm there that summer, but the painting does not appear to show it, or even its physical aftermath; the storm here is an inner one, a psychic distress. Standing near the water, in an eerie blue half–light, half–dark Scandinavian summer night, a young woman clasps her hands to her head. Other women, standing apart from her, make the same anguished gesture—to what end we are not sure. The circle in which they stand, and the protagonist's white dress, give to the scene the feeling of some ancient pagan ritual, even while the solid house in the background, its lit windows shining in the dark, suggests some more regular life from which these women are excluded—or perhaps that they find intolerable.

Munch's art suggests a transformation of personal memories and emotions into a realm of dream, myth, and enigma. His exposure to French Symbolist poetry during a stay in Paris had convinced him of the necessity for a more subjective art; there was no need, he said, for more paintings of "people who read and women who knit." Associated with the international development of Symbolism in the 1890s, he is also recognized as a precursor of Expressionism.

The Storm. 1893

Publication excerpt from The Museum of Modern Art, MoMA Highlights, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, revised 2004, originally published 1999, p. 44

Provenance Research Project
This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.
Acquired from the artist by Frederik Arentz, Oslo, Norway, 1895 [1]; by inheritance to Erik Arentz (son) and Egil and Magnella Fischer (daughter), Copenhagen, Denmark, 1914 [2]. Acquired by Conrad Pineus (1872-1945), Gothenburg, Sweden, before 1927 [3]; acquired by Charlotte and Christian Mustad (1878-1970), Oslo, Norway, by 1927 [4]; Estate of Christian Mustad, 1970. Harry and Patricia Irgens Larsen, New York, by 1974 [5]; acquired by The Museum of Modern Art, New York (Gift of Mr. and Mrs. H. Irgens Larsen and purchase).
[1] Gerd Woll. Edvard Munch: Complete Paintings: Catalogue Raisonne (vol. 1). London: Thames & Hudson, 2009, no. 324.
[2] Ibid. For sale at the exhibition Den norske kunst udstilling, Charlottenborg, Copenhagen, November-December 1915 (no. 282: Stormen). Lender: Egil Fischer.
[3] Ibid. On loan from Mustad to the exhibition Edvard Munch: Ausstellung in der Nationalgalerie, Berlin, 1927 (no. 38: Sturm).
[4] On loan from Mustad to the exhibition Art in our Time, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, May 10 - September 30, 1939 (no. 83: The Storm). The painting remained on extended loan at the Museum until 1943, when it was transferred to Thomas Olsen, New York, the husband of Mustad's niece. It was returned to Mustad after 1945.

If you have any questions or information to provide about the listed works, please e-mail provenance@moma.org or write to:

Provenance Research Project
The Museum of Modern Art
11 West 53 Street
New York, NY 10019

Pictured above: Vasily Kandinsky. Panel for Edwin R. Campbell No. 2 (detail). 1914. Oil on canvas, 64 1/8 x 48 3/8" (162.6 x 122.7 cm). Nelson A. Rockefeller Fund (by exchange). © 2009 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

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Image permissions

In order to effectively service requests for images, The Museum of Modern Art entrusts the licensing of images of works of art in its collections to the agencies Scala Archives and Art Resource. As MoMA’s representatives, these agencies supply high-resolution digital image files provided to them directly by the Museum's imaging studios.

All requests to reproduce works of art from MoMA's collection within North America (Canada, U.S., Mexico) should be addressed directly to Art Resource at 536 Broadway, New York, New York 10012. Telephone (212) 505-8700; fax (212) 505-2053; requests@artres.com; artres.com. Requests from all other geographical locations should be addressed directly to Scala Group S.p.A., 62, via Chiantigiana, 50012 Bagno a Ripoli/Firenze, Italy. Telephone 39 055 6233 200; fax 39 055 641124; firenze@scalarchives.com; scalarchives.com.

Requests for permission to reprint text from MoMA publications should be addressed to text_permissions@moma.org.

Related links:
Outside North America: Scala Archives
North America: Art Resource