MoMA
Georges-Pierre Seurat. Grandcamp, Evening. 1885, painted border c. 1888-89
Georges-Pierre Seurat

Grandcamp, Evening

1885, painted border c. 1888-89
On view
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
26 x 32 1/2" (66.2 x 82.4 cm)
Credit
Estate of John Hay Whitney
Object number
285.1983

This painting is one in a series of seascapes Seurat painted in the French coastal village of Grandcamp during the summer of 1885. Short horizontal brushstrokes fill the sky and sea, and the land is composed of dots of color. "Some say they see poetry in my paintings," Seurat wrote. "I see only science." Dissatisfied with the technique of the Impressionists, which he considered spontaneous and unmethodical, Seurat turned to color theory and optics to develop his own method of painting, which he called Divisionism. Instead of mixing colors together on his palette, he applied unmixed paints to the canvas, leaving it to the viewer's eye to mix the colors optically. Seurat added the painted border later to complement the colors on the canvas and intensify its luminosity.

Gallery label from 2011
Provenance information
Estate of the artist (Seurat family), 1891 [1]; Private collection, France [2]; Galerie de l'Elysée, Paris [3]; sold to Wildenstein, New York, 1948 [4]; sold to John Hay Whitney and Betsey Cushing Whitney, New York, 1949 [5]; acquired by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1983 (Estate of John Hay Whitney) [6].
[1] Henri Dorra and John Rewald, eds. Seurat, Paris: Les Beaux Arts, 1959, no. 155: "Inventaire posthume, Atelier Seurat, no. 28; Famille Seurat, Paris." Signed on verso by Paul Signac.
[2] Ibid.
[3] Information provided by Wildenstein & Co., New York.
[4] See John Rewald, Georges Seurat, Paris: Albin Michel, 1948, p. 50, fig. 33: La Manche à Grandcamp. Provenance: "Collection particulière, U.S.A."
[5] Henri Dorra and John Rewald, eds. Seurat, Paris: Les Beaux Arts, 1959, no. 155. Included in the exhibition Seurat 1859-1992: Paintings and Drawings, Loan Exhibition, Knoedler Galleries, New York, April 19-May 7, 1949, no. 17 ("Lent by John Hay Whitney, Esq.").
[6] On loan from Ambassador and Mrs. John H. Whitney to the exhibitions Selections from 5 New York Private Collections, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, June 26-September 9, 1951, and Seurat, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, March 24-April 15, 1958 (no. 108).

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Image permissions

In order to effectively service requests for images, The Museum of Modern Art entrusts the licensing of images of works of art in its collections to the agencies Scala Archives and Art Resource. As MoMA’s representatives, these agencies supply high-resolution digital image files provided to them directly by the Museum's imaging studios.

All requests to reproduce works of art from MoMA's collection within North America (Canada, U.S., Mexico) should be addressed directly to Art Resource at 536 Broadway, New York, New York 10012. Telephone (212) 505-8700; fax (212) 505-2053; requests@artres.com; artres.com. Requests from all other geographical locations should be addressed directly to Scala Group S.p.A., 62, via Chiantigiana, 50012 Bagno a Ripoli/Firenze, Italy. Telephone 39 055 6233 200; fax 39 055 641124; firenze@scalarchives.com; scalarchives.com.

Requests for permission to reprint text from MoMA publications should be addressed to text_permissions@moma.org.

Related links:
Outside North America: Scala Archives
North America: Art Resource