Sonia Delaunay-Terk. Portuguese Market. 1915

Sonia Delaunay-Terk

Portuguese Market


Oil and wax on canvas
35 5/8 x 35 5/8" (90.5 x 90.5 cm)
Gift of Theodore R. Racoosin
Object number
Painting and Sculpture
This work is not on view.
Sonia Delaunay-Terk has 21 works online.
There are 2,242 paintings online.

Like her husband, Robert Delaunay, Delaunay-Terk was a pioneer of abstraction. Both were members of the Orphist group, whose adherents explored color theory and optical effects and made paintings designed to catalyze profound psychic effects on viewers using color. Portuguese Market was painted while the couple was living in the seaside town of Vila do Conde in Portugal. Figurative elements of the scene, such as the male with a black hat at bottom right, are subsumed within swirling color. Orphists referred to abutted areas of intense color in their paintings as instances of "simultaneity," in which no hue dominated any other. Some of their thinking came from folk and decorative arts; indeed, Delaunay-Terk's work in decorative arts may have helped expand her understanding of the possibilities of abstract color.

Gallery label from 2009

Provenance Research Project
This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.
[The artist?]
Rose Fried Gallery, New York. By 1955
Theodore R. Racoosin, New York. 1955
The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gift of Theodore R. Racoosin, 1955

If you have any questions or information to provide about the listed works, please e-mail or write to:

Provenance Research Project
The Museum of Modern Art
11 West 53 Street
New York, NY 10019

Image permissions

In order to effectively service requests for images, The Museum of Modern Art entrusts the licensing of images of works of art in its collections to the agencies Scala Archives and Art Resource. As MoMA’s representatives, these agencies supply high-resolution digital image files provided to them directly by the Museum's imaging studios.

All requests to reproduce works of art from MoMA's collection within North America (Canada, U.S., Mexico) should be addressed directly to Art Resource at 536 Broadway, New York, New York 10012. Telephone (212) 505-8700; fax (212) 505-2053;; Requests from all other geographical locations should be addressed directly to Scala Group S.p.A., 62, via Chiantigiana, 50012 Bagno a Ripoli/Firenze, Italy. Telephone 39 055 6233 200; fax 39 055 641124;;

Requests for permission to reprint text from MoMA publications should be addressed to

Related links:
Outside North America: Scala Archives
North America: Art Resource

This record is a work in progress. If you have additional information, or have spotted an error, please send feedback to