Marcel Duchamp. The Passage from Virgin to Bride. Munich, July-August 1912

Marcel Duchamp

The Passage from Virgin to Bride

Munich, July-August 1912

Oil on canvas
23 3/8 x 21 1/4" (59.4 x 54 cm)
Object number
© 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris / Estate of Marcel Duchamp
Painting and Sculpture
This work is not on view.
Marcel Duchamp has 44 works online.
There are 2,242 paintings online.

In that this painting oscillates between the mechanical and the bodily, one can understand it as Duchamp's deadpan response to the emergence of abstract art, dubbed "pure painting" by the artist and critic Guillaume Apollinaire. Duchamp subsequently explained that he wanted to turn this idea of purity into eroticism, which he said "would be a new artistic 'ism.'" He made the work during a stay in Munich in the summer of 1912, where he encountered the art of Kandinsky and read the Russian artist’s book On the Spiritual in Art, a treatise on abstraction. Countering Kandinsky’s vision of abstract art as a means for elevating the soul, Duchamp suggested that the sensual appeal of a painting such as The Passage from Virgin to Bride functioned analogously with sexuality. "Eroticism is close to life," Duchamp said, "closer than philosophy or anything like that, it’s an animal thing that has many facets and is pleasing to use, as you would use a tube of paint."

Gallery label from Inventing Abstraction, 1910–1925, December 23, 2012–April 15, 2013

Provenance Research Project
This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.
The artist, 1912 – 1915
Walter Pach, New York. Gift of the artist, 1915 – 1945
The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Purchased from Walter Pach, 1945

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