Francis Picabia. I See Again in Memory My Dear Udnie. 1914, possibly begun 1913

Francis Picabia

I See Again in Memory My Dear Udnie

1914, possibly begun 1913

Not on view
Oil on canvas
8' 2 1/2" x 6' 6 1/4" (250.2 x 198.8 cm)
Hillman Periodicals Fund
Object number
© 2015 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris
Painting and Sculpture
This work is not on view.
Francis Picabia has 19 works online.
There are 2,101 paintings online.

When Picabia painted this work, in Paris in 1914, he had recently returned from a triumphal trip to New York. There he had exhibited at the famous Armory Show of 1913, whose mix of American and European modern art had attracted large crowds, and concurrently in a one-man show at Alfred Stieglitz’s avant-garde 291 gallery. Aboard the steamship that had taken him to New York, Picabia had been captivated by the movement of Stacia Napierkowska, a Polish dancer en route to a tour of American music halls. (Her performances were suggestive enough to provoke her arrest once on U.S. shores.) Over the next two years, Picabia produced several monumental canvases that he said were inspired by his memories of Napierkowska, and also, he said, "of America, evocations from there which, subtly opposed like musical harmonies, become representative of an idea, of a nostalgia, of a fugitive impression." In Je revois en souvenir ma chère Udnie, rather than representing the dancer herself, Picabia creates a visual analogy for the lingering sensation of this sensuous encounter: segmented tubes and curling organic forms fill the vertical axis of the canvas in a slow upward spiral.

Gallery label from Inventing Abstraction, 1910–1925, December 23, 2012–April 15, 2013

Additional text

Like the Futurists and like his friend Marcel Duchamp, Picabia recognized the importance of the machine in the dawning technological age. The hard-edged, evenly rounded shapes of I See Again in Memory My Dear Udnie, some of them in metallic grays, parallel fusions of the mechanical and the organic in Duchamp's painting, and anticipate more overt references of this kind in Picabia's later work. Perspectival lines at the painting's sides suggest a space around this fragmented body, which seems to stand on a kind of stage. Segmented tubes among the curling forms may have a sexual subtext, and Picabia himself described his art of this period as trying "to render external an internal state of mind or feeling."

The "Udnie" of this work's title was surely a certain Mlle. Napierskowska, a professional dancer whom Picabia met on the ocean liner that took him to the United States to participate in the famous Armory Show of 1913. Fascinated by Napierskowska's performances (which were suggestive enough to provoke her arrest during her American tour), Picabia began to produce gouaches and watercolors inspired by her even before landing in New York. Over the following year, he extended this imagery in paintings, titling one of them Udnie (Young American Girl)—and thus suggesting that the abstract planes of these works relate to the human form.

I See Again in Memory My Dear Udnie. (1914, perhaps begun 1913)

Publication excerpt from The Museum of Modern Art, MoMA Highlights, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, revised 2004, originally published 1999, p. 92

Provenance Research Project
This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.
The artist, Paris. 1914 – at least 1930
Léonce Rosenberg (1879-1947), Galerie L’effort moderne, Paris. Purchased from the artist, by 1930 – [1947]
Léonce Rosenberg Estate, Paris. [1947 – ]
Sidney Janis Gallery, New York. Acquired from Léonce Rosenberg Estate, [?] – 1954
The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Purchased from Sidney Janis through Mrs. Kay Hillman, 1954

If you have any questions or information to provide about the listed works, please e-mail or write to:

Provenance Research Project
The Museum of Modern Art
11 West 53 Street
New York, NY 10019

Image permissions

In order to effectively service requests for images, The Museum of Modern Art entrusts the licensing of images of works of art in its collections to the agencies Scala Archives and Art Resource. As MoMA’s representatives, these agencies supply high-resolution digital image files provided to them directly by the Museum's imaging studios.

All requests to reproduce works of art from MoMA's collection within North America (Canada, U.S., Mexico) should be addressed directly to Art Resource at 536 Broadway, New York, New York 10012. Telephone (212) 505-8700; fax (212) 505-2053;; Requests from all other geographical locations should be addressed directly to Scala Group S.p.A., 62, via Chiantigiana, 50012 Bagno a Ripoli/Firenze, Italy. Telephone 39 055 6233 200; fax 39 055 641124;;

Requests for permission to reprint text from MoMA publications should be addressed to

Related links:
Outside North America: Scala Archives
North America: Art Resource

This record is a work in progress. If you have additional information, or have spotted an error, please send feedback to