Georges Braque. Still Life with Tenora. (summer or fall 1913)
Georges Braque

Still Life with Tenora

(summer or fall 1913)
Not on view
Medium
Cut-and-pasted printed and painted paper, charcoal, chalk, and pencil on gessoed canvas
Dimensions
37 1/2 x 47 3/8" (95.2 x 120.3 cm)
Credit
Nelson A. Rockefeller Bequest
Object number
947.1979
Copyright
© 2015 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris
Department
Drawings and Prints

Still Life with Tenora is a consummate example of Braque's papier collé (literally, pasted paper) style. The bold geometric fragments of contrasting types of paper interlaced with the figurative motifs drawn in charcoal evoke the structure of a fugue, in which two distinct melodies intertwine in a rich, sonorous composition, each acting as a foil to the other's reality.

The invention of the papier collé in 1912 by Braque and Pablo Picasso introduced a revolution in Western painting, whose repercussions are still being felt today. By pasting fragments of paper (newspaper, wallpaper, and wood-grained paper) onto their still-life compositions, they introduced real materials and textures into an art hitherto based on illusionistic renderings.

The significance of this breakthrough cannot be overestimated because through this technique these artists declared the autonomy of the painted or drawn image, and radically severed it from any attempt at representation. The fragments attached to the picture's surface rarely followed the contours or silhouettes of the drawn motifs (glasses, bottles, or musical instruments), but, paradoxically, contradicted them. Thus, they countered the conventional devices of modeling and depth perspective, and drew attention to the absolute flatness of the two-dimensional plane.

Publication excerpt from The Museum of Modern Art, MoMA Highlights, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, revised 2004, originally published 1999

Provenance Research Project
This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.
Galerie Kahnweiler, Paris. Acquired from the artist, 1913 – 1914
Kahnweiler collection and gallery stock sequestered by French Government as property of a German enemy in 1914. Fourth Kahnweiler a uction, Hotel Drouot, Paris, 7-8 May 1923, no. 14
Galerie L’Effort moderne (Léonce Rosenberg), Paris. [Purchased from Kahnweiler auction, May 1923 - ] By 1924
Amédée Ozenfant, Paris and New York. [Purchased at Kahnweiler auction, May 1923] - 1951
Nelson A. Rockefeller, New York. Purchased from Ozenfant, 1951 - 1979
The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Nelson A. Rockefeller Bequest, 1979

If you have any questions or information to provide about the listed works, please e-mail provenance@moma.org or write to:

Provenance Research Project
The Museum of Modern Art
11 West 53 Street
New York, NY 10019

Pictured above: Vasily Kandinsky. Panel for Edwin R. Campbell No. 2 (detail). 1914. Oil on canvas, 64 1/8 x 48 3/8" (162.6 x 122.7 cm). Nelson A. Rockefeller Fund (by exchange). © 2009 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

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Image permissions

In order to effectively service requests for images, The Museum of Modern Art entrusts the licensing of images of works of art in its collections to the agencies Scala Archives and Art Resource. As MoMA’s representatives, these agencies supply high-resolution digital image files provided to them directly by the Museum's imaging studios.

All requests to reproduce works of art from MoMA's collection within North America (Canada, U.S., Mexico) should be addressed directly to Art Resource at 536 Broadway, New York, New York 10012. Telephone (212) 505-8700; fax (212) 505-2053; requests@artres.com; artres.com. Requests from all other geographical locations should be addressed directly to Scala Group S.p.A., 62, via Chiantigiana, 50012 Bagno a Ripoli/Firenze, Italy. Telephone 39 055 6233 200; fax 39 055 641124; firenze@scalarchives.com; scalarchives.com.

Requests for permission to reprint text from MoMA publications should be addressed to text_permissions@moma.org.

Related links:
Outside North America: Scala Archives
North America: Art Resource