The Provenance Research Project
The Provenance Research Project investigates the ownership history of works in the collection of The Museum of Modern Art.
Alford, Kenneth D. Nazi Plunder: Great Treasure Stories Of World War I. Cambridge, Ma.: Da Capo Press, 2001.
Alford, Kenneth D. The Spoils of World War II: The American Military's Role in the Stealing of Europe's Treasures. New York: Birch Lane Press, 1994.
Barron, Stephanie, ed.; with contributions by Peter Guenther et al. "Degenerate art": The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany. Los Angeles, Calif.: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1991. Published in conjunction with the exhibition held at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Feb. 17–May 12, 1991, and at the Art Institute of Chicago, June 22–Sept. 8, 1991. Includes bibliographical references and index. Includes a facsimile reprint, with parallel English translation, of Führer durch die Ausstellung Entartete Kunst. Berlin: Verlag für Kultur- und Wirtschaftswerbung, .
Bureau central des Restitutions à Berlin. Répertoire des biens spoliés en France durant la guerre 1935-1945. Berlin : Imprimerie nationale, 1947-. Reprint by Etherington Conservation Center, 1997. Originally published by the Commandement en chef français en Allemagne / Groupe français du conseil de contrôle / Direction generale de l'économie et des finances / Division des réparations et restitutions / Bureau central des restitutions. The full set of volumes that list the paintings removed from France during the war comprises: Tome II: Tableaux, tapisseries et sculptures; Annexe au Tome II; Premier supplément au Tome II; Additif au premier supplément; Deuxième supplément; Troisième supplément; and Index.
Edsel, Robert M. The Monuments Men: Allied Heroes, Nazi Thieves, and the Greatest Treasure Hunt in History. New York: Center Street, 2009.
Edsel, Robert M. Rescuing Da Vinci: Hitler and the Nazis Stole Europe's Great Art - America and Her Allies Recovered It. Dallas: Laurel Publishing, LLC, 2006.
Eizenstat, Stuart. Imperfect Justice: Looted Assets, Slave Labor, and the Unfinished Business of World War II. New York: Public Affairs, 2003.
Feliciano, Hector. The Lost Museum: The Nazi Conspiracy to Steal the World's Greatest Works of Art. New York: Basic Books/Harper Collins, 1997. Includes bibliographical references and index.
Howe Jr., Thomas Carr. Salt Mines and Castles: The Discovery and Restitution of Looted European Art. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1946.
Kurtz, Michael J. Nazi Contraband: American Policy on the Return of European Cultural Treasures, 1945–1955. New York: Garland, 1985.
Lester, Robert and Blair Hydrick. Art Looting and Nazi Germany: Records of the Fine Arts and Monuments Adviser, Ardelia Hall, 1945-1961. Bethesda: University Publications of America, 2002.
Nicholas, Lynn. The Rape of Europa. New York: Knopf, 1994. Includes bibliographical references and index. Also paperbound: New York: Vintage Books, 1995.
Petropoulos, Jonathan.Art as Politics in the Third Reich. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, l996. Originally presented as the author's doctoral dissertation, Harvard University. Includes bibliographical references and index.
Petropoulos, Jonathan. The Faustian Bargain: The Art World in Nazi Germany. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. Includes bibliographical references and index.
Simpson, Elizabeth, ed. The Spoils of War: World War II and Its Aftermath. The Loss, Reappearance, and Recovery of Cultural Property. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1997.
Smyth, Craig Hugh. Repatriation of Art from the Collection Point in Munich after World War II: Background and Beginnings with Reference Especially to the Netherlands. Maarssen, Netherlands: G. Schwartz, 1988.
Wechsler, Helen. Museum Policy and Procedure for Nazi-Era Issues. Resource Report. Washington, D.C.: American Association of Museums, 2001.
Yeide, Nancy H., Konstantin Akinsha, and Amy L. Walsh. The AAM Guide to Provenance Research. Washington, D.C.: American Association of Museums, 2001. An invaluable handbook on provenance research as it relates to the Holocaust era, in particular, including bibliographies, lists of "red flag" names, and information on archives, auction sales, exhibitions, libraries, etc.
Selected Microfilms and Sound Recordings:
A copy of the 480-page inventory of "degenerate art" seized from German museums by the Nazis in 1937 can be obtained from the Fischer Bequest at the National Library of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. A copy can be found at The Museum of Modern Art Library: Author/Artist: Germany. Reichsministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda. Title: Entartete Kunst : typescript inventory. Publisher: [1942?] Description: 2 v. ([231; 248] leaves) ; 30 cm. Summary: The typescript is an inventory compiled by the German Ministry of Propaganda of all works of art in German museums which were characterized as "degenerate art" and seized by the National Socialist (Nazi) government. The entries are organized alphabetically by city, institution, and artist's name, and include separate columns containing information on titles of works, medium, sales, dealers, and destruction of works. The inventory was apparently compiled as a final record, after the sales had been completed in the summer of 1941, probably in 1942. Both volumes of the typescript contain contemporary additions and amendments in pen in different hands. Photocopy. London : Harry Fischer Collection, National Art Library, Victoria & Albert Museum, 2001. 2 vols.
For the first time, researchers wanting to see reports from the Art Looting Investigation Unit (ALIU) of the Office of Strategic Services will not have to travel to the National Archives at College Park to examine the original paper documents. The National Archives has released a microfilm publication consisting of reports of art looting and trafficking of looted art by the Nazis in World War II. The publication entitled, "OSS Art Looting Investigation Unit Reports, 1945-46," consists of detailed interrogation reports, consolidated interrogation reports, and the final report of the ALIU. The microfilm publication, (M1782), is available for research use in the microfilm research rooms at the National Archives Building on Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Washington, DC, at the National Archives at College Park, and at the 13 National Archives regional facilities, located in major urban areas nationwide. Copies can also be purchased. More information about the Microfilm Project is available at http://www.nara.gov/research/assets/. Author/Artist: United States. Office of Strategic Services. National Archives and Records Administration. Title: OSS Art Looting Investigation Unit Reports, 1945–46 [microform] / Michael Hussey, Michael J. Kurtz, and Greg Bradsher arranged and processed these records for filming and prepared this descriptive pamphlet. Publisher: Washington, D.C. : National Archives and Records Administration, 2001. Description: 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. On the single roll of this microfilm publication, M1782, are reproduced the Detailed Interrogation Reports, Consolidated Interrogation Reports, and the Final Report of the Office of Strategic Service's (OSS) Art Looting Investigation Unit (ALIU). Series: National Archives microfilm publications. M ; microcopy no. 1782
Author/Artist: Barr, Alfred Hamilton, 1902–1981. The Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.). Junior Council. Title: Art under the Soviet and Nazi dictatorships [sound recording]. Date of program: December 10, 1952. Description: 4 sound tape reels : analog ; 7 in. In: Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.). Archives. Sound recordings. Performed by: Alfred H. Barr, Jr. Summary: Illustrated talk by Alfred H. Barr, Jr. (Director of Museum Collections). Preservation of the sound recording in spring 2001 made possible through a generous grant from the New York State Education Department and Library. Available for public use in compact disc format. Duplication not permitted. Credits: Alfred H. Barr, Jr. Series: Related arts of today Subject(s): Sound recordings. Database: DADABASE. Location: Museum Archives. Call Number: Sound Recording #52.7–52.10. Use of this material is by advance appointment only.
If you have any questions or information to provide on the listed works, please send an e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Or write to:
Provenance Research Project
The Museum of Modern Art
11 West 53 Street
New York, N.Y. 10019