75 Years of Architecture at MoMA
In 1930, Howe and Lescaze were invited to speculate on the ideal configuration of a new building for The Museum of Modern Art. They generated several schemes, finding different ways to bring light into the galleries. This solution, the fourth and most experimental, separates the galleries into independent horizontal blocks, stacked above one another at right angles. Two sets of columns, tied by beams at each gallery level, support this configuration. Within each gallery, daylight and artificial light are combined in an adaptable lightmixing chamber placed just above the ceiling, which acts as a diffusing scrim. The chambers, visible at the roofline of each gallery unit, are glazed to admit daylight. The opaque external walls of the galleries are clad in marble or white glazed brick. While there are no conventional windows in the galleries, views to the outside are provided in the separate glass-enclosed support tower for stairs and elevators. Ultimately, the Museum chose to build a less radical proposal by Philip L. Goodwin and Edward Durrell Stone.