MoMA

THE COLLECTION

8,542 Artists and 51,755 Works Online

Choose your search filter(s) from the categories on the right, and then click Search.

You may select multiple filters.

Browse Artist Index »

Browse Art Terms Index »

White Gray Black

Search Results

Showing 1 of 1
On view  |  Painting and Sculpture I, Gallery 10, Floor 5
Add to My Collection

Gerrit Rietveld (Dutch, 1888–1964)

Red Blue Chair

Date:
c. 1923
Medium:
Painted wood
Dimensions:
34 1/8 x 26 x 33" (86.7 x 66 x 83.8 cm), seat h. 13" (33 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Philip Johnson
MoMA Number:
487.1953
Copyright:
© 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / Beeldrecht, Amsterdam

The Museum of Modern Art, MoMA Highlights, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, revised 2004, originally published 1999, p. 86

In the Red Blue Chair, Rietveld manipulated rectilinear volumes and examined the interaction of vertical and horizontal planes, much as he did in his architecture. Although the chair was originally designed in 1918, its color scheme of primary colors (red, yellow, blue) plus black—so closely associated with the de Stijl group and its most famous theorist and practitioner Piet Mondrian—was applied to it around 1923. Hoping that much of his furniture would eventually be mass-produced rather than handcrafted, Rietveld aimed for simplicity in construction. The pieces of wood that comprise the Red Blue Chair are in the standard lumber sizes readily available at the time.

Rietveld believed there was a greater goal for the furniture designer than just physical comfort: the well-being and comfort of the spirit. Rietveld and his colleagues in the de Stijl art and architecture movement sought to create a utopia based on a harmonic human-made order, which they believed could renew Europe after the devastating turmoil of World War I. New forms, in their view, were essential to this rebuilding.

Share by E-mail
Share by Text Message