André Bauchant (April 24 1873 – August 12 1958) was a French 'naïve' painter whose compositions were often informed by mythology and Classical History. He had originally worked as a market gardener until 1914, after his father, before serving in World War I. During the military service his drawing skills were noticed and he was trained as a mapmaker. After demobilization in 1919 he started his painter career.
Bauchant was born in Château-Renault, Indre-et-Loire. His first exhibit was in 1920 at the Salon d'Automne. In 1927 he was commissioned by Diaghilev to design sets for Stravinsky's Apollon Musagète.