Sylvia Gosse (1881–1968), born Laura Sylvia Gosse, was the daughter of English poet and critic Sir Edmund Gosse, and was well known as a painter and printmaker. Although some of her portraits are held by the National Portrait Gallery, she was better known for her streetscapes and interiors. She was a student of Walter Sickert and was his partner in the Westminster Technical Institute. In 1911 she exhibited at the New English Art Club, in 1912 at the Royal Academy, and in 1914 at the London Group. Perhaps her most famous painting is Madrid Crowd, painted from a published news photograph of a Madrid crowd in 1931.
She was a member of the Royal Society of British Artists.