Giorgio de Chirico (Italian: [ˈdʒordʒo deˈkiːriko]; 10 July 1888 – 20 November 1978) was an Italian artist. In the years before World War I, he founded the scuola metafisica art movement, which profoundly influenced the surrealists. After 1919, he became interested in traditional painting techniques, and worked in a neoclassical or neo-Baroque style, while frequently revisiting the metaphysical themes of his earlier work.
De Chirico was an important source of inspiration for artists throughout Europe in the inter-war years, particularly the surrealists, and again for a new generation of painters in the 1980s. His career was marked by stylistic changes and reversals. In his early heroic phase, he created fictive space with exaggerated one-point perspective rendering city squares, receding arcades, distant walls, or claustrophobic interiors. Human forms were represented as classical statues or mannequins.
Artist, Designer, Painter, Sculptor
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