Hanna Schygulla in The Marriage of Maria Braun (1978). Film Stills Archives, The Museum of Modern Art.

Rainer Werner Fassbinder, the genius of the New German Cinema, made forty-three remarkable film and television works between 1966 and his death in 1982 at age thirty-seven. The full depth and scope of this astonishing career—unparalleled in postwar world cinema—was on display for the first time in the United States beginning January 23, 1997, when The Museum of Modern Art presented Rainer Werner Fassbinder, a complete retrospective of the director’s work.